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#1. What should you do if the oil-pressure warning light comes on while you're riding?
If the oil-pressure warning light comes on when the engine is running, pull over as soon as you can, stop the engine and investigate the cause; if you don’t, you risk serious engine damage.
#2. You're following a lorry on a wet road. What should you do when spray makes it difficult to see the road ahead?
Large vehicles throw up a lot of spray when it’s wet. This makes it difficult for following drivers to see the road ahead. You’ll be able to see more by dropping back further, out of the spray. This will also increase your separation distance, giving you more room to stop if you have to.
#3. After this hazard you should test your brakes. Why is this?
A ford is a crossing over a stream that’s shallow enough to drive or ride through. After you’ve gone through a ford or deep puddle, your brakes will be wet and they won’t work as well as usual. To dry them out, apply a light brake pressure while moving slowly. Don’t travel at normal speeds until you’re sure your brakes are working properly again.
#4. In which of these circumstances may you use hazard warning lights?
Hazard warning lights are an important safety feature. Use them when riding on a motorway to warn following traffic of danger ahead. You should also use them if your motorcycle has broken down and is causing an obstruction.
#5. Why are these yellow lines painted across the road?
These lines are often found on the approach to a roundabout or a dangerous junction. They give you extra warning to adjust your speed. Look well ahead and do this in good time.
#6. Which of these signs warns you of people walking along the roads toward you?
Always check the road signs. Triangular signs are warning signs: they inform you about hazards ahead and help you to anticipate any problems. There are a number of different signs showing pedestrians. Learn the meaning of each one.
#7. Why should motorcyclists wear bright clothing?
Motorcycles and scooters are generally smaller than other vehicles and can be difficult to see. Wearing bright clothing makes it easier for other road users to see a motorcyclist approaching, especially at junctions.
#8. You think the driver of the vehicle in front has forgotten to cancel their right indicator. What should you do?
Be cautious and don’t attempt to overtake. The driver may be unsure of the location of a junction and may turn suddenly.
#9. Who may use toucan crossings?
There are some crossings where cycle routes lead cyclists to cross at the same place as pedestrians. These are called toucan crossings. Always look out for cyclists, as they’re likely to be approaching faster than pedestrians.
#10. You're both turning right at this crossroads. Why is it safer to keep the car to your right?
When turning right at this crossroads, you should keep the oncoming car to your right. This will give you a clear view of the road ahead and any oncoming traffic.
#11. You see this signal overhead on the motorway. What does it mean?
You’ll see this sign if there has been an incident ahead and the motorway is closed. You must obey the sign. Make sure that you prepare to leave in good time.
#12. At an incident, a casualty isn't breathing. What should you do while helping them to start breathing again?
It’s important to ensure that the airway is open before you start CPR. To open the casualty’s airway, place your fingers under their chin and lift it forward.
#13. You need to top up your battery. What level should you fill it to?
Top up the battery with distilled water and make sure each cell plate is covered.
#14. Your mobile phone rings while you're travelling. What should you do?
It’s illegal to use a hand-held mobile or similar device when driving or riding, except in a genuine emergency. The safest option is to switch off your mobile phone before you set off, and use a message service. If you’ve forgotten to switch your phone off and it rings, you should ignore it. When you’ve stopped in a safe place, you can see who called and return the call if necessary.
#15. When are motorcyclists allowed to use high-intensity rear fog lights?
If your motorcycle is fitted with high-intensity rear fog lights, you must only use them when visibility is seriously reduced. That’s when you can see no further than 100 metres (328 feet). This rule about high-intensity rear fog lights applies to all motor vehicles.
#16. You're turning left at a junction where pedestrians have started to cross. What should you do?
When you’re turning into a side road, pedestrians who are crossing have priority. You should wait to allow them to finish crossing safely. Be patient if they’re slow or unsteady. Don’t try to rush them by sounding your horn, flashing your lights, revving your engine or giving any other inappropriate signal.
#17. How should the right-hand lane of a three-lane motorway be used?
You should stay in the left-hand lane of a motorway unless you’re overtaking another vehicle. The right-hand lane of a motorway is an overtaking lane; it isn’t the ‘fast lane’. After overtaking, move back to the left when it’s safe to do so.
#18. You're about to turn right. What should you do just before you turn?
When you’re turning right, plan your approach to the junction. Signal and select the correct gear in good time. Just before you turn, take a lifesaver glance for a final check behind and to the side of you.
#19. What does 'tailgating' mean?
‘Tailgating’ is the term used when a driver or rider follows the vehicle in front too closely. It’s dangerous because it restricts their view of the road ahead and leaves no safety margin if the vehicle in front needs to slow down or stop suddenly. Tailgating is often the underlying cause of rear-end collisions or multiple pile-ups.
#20. Why should you keep a large gap between your motorcycle and a lorry in front?
If you follow a large vehicle too closely, your view beyond it will be restricted. Drop back. This will help you to see more of the road ahead. It will also help the driver of the large vehicle to see you in their mirrors and will give you a safe separation distance if the lorry needs to stop suddenly.
#21. You're travelling along a motorway. Where would you find a crawler or climbing lane?
Large, slow-moving vehicles can hinder the progress of other traffic. On a steep gradient, an extra crawler lane may be provided for slow-moving vehicles to allow faster-moving traffic to flow more easily.
#22. You have to park on the road in fog. What should you do?
If you have to park on the road in foggy conditions, it’s important that your motorcycle can be seen by other road users. Try to find a place to park off the road. If this isn’t possible, leave your motorcycle facing in the same direction as the traffic. Make sure that your lights are clean and leave your parking lights on.
#23. What are the minimum test vehicle requirements for a motorcycle used to obtain a full category ‘A’ licence?
To obtain the full category ‘A’ on your driving licence, the motorcycle you use for your practical test must be a solo machine with a cylinder capacity of at least 595 cc and a power output of at least 40 kW (53.6 bhp).
#24. You're going straight ahead at a roundabout. How should you signal?
To go straight ahead at a roundabout, you should normally approach in the left-hand lane, but check the road markings. At some roundabouts, the left lane on approach is marked ‘left turn only’, so make sure you use the correct lane to go ahead. You won’t normally need to signal as you approach, but signal before you leave the roundabout, as other road users need to know your intentions.
#25. What's the meaning of this sign?
This sign indicates that there are waiting restrictions. It’s normally accompanied by details of when the restrictions are in force.
#26. A person has been injured. They may be suffering from shock. What are the warning signs to look for?
The effects of shock may not be immediately obvious. Warning signs are rapid pulse, sweating, pale grey skin and rapid shallow breathing.
#27. Why must you take extra care when turning right at this junction?
You may have to pull forward slowly until you can see up and down the road. Be aware that the traffic approaching the junction can’t see you either. If you don’t know that it’s clear, don’t go.
#28. When should you flash your headlights at other road users?
You should only flash your headlights to warn others of your presence. Don’t use them to greet others, show impatience or give priority to other road users, because they could misunderstand your signal.
#29. When can you carry a child as a pillion passenger?
Any passenger you carry – no matter how old they are – must be able to reach the footrests and handholds properly to remain safe on your machine. Also make sure they’re wearing protective weatherproof clothing and a properly fitting helmet.
#30. You're approaching an unmarked crossroads. How should you deal with this type of junction?
Be cautious, especially when your view is restricted by hedges, bushes, walls, large vehicles, etc. In the summer months, these junctions can become more difficult to deal with, because growing foliage may further obscure your view.
#31. When riding in heavy rain, a film of water can build up between your tyres and the road. This is known as aquaplaning. What should you do to keep control when aquaplaning occurs?
If your motorcycle starts to aquaplane, ease off the throttle smoothly. Don’t brake or turn the steering until tyre grip has been restored.
#32. What do these zigzag lines at pedestrian crossings mean?
The approach to, and exit from, a pedestrian crossing is marked with zigzag lines. You mustn’t park on them or overtake the leading vehicle when approaching the crossing. Parking here would block the view for pedestrians and approaching traffic.
#33. What should you do immediately after joining a motorway?
Stay in the left-hand lane long enough to get used to the higher speeds of motorway traffic before considering overtaking.
#34. You're involved in a crash. What should you do to reduce the risk of fire?
The engine cut-out switch is used to stop the engine in an emergency. In the event of a crash, this may help to reduce any fire risk.
#35. You're on a motorway. Red flashing lights appear above your lane only. What should you do?
Flashing red lights above your lane show that your lane is closed. You should move into another lane as soon as you can do so safely.
#36. Oil is leaking from your forks. Why shouldn't you ride a motorcycle in this condition?
If an oil seal on your forks or shock absorbers fails, fork oil will leak out, making the suspension ineffective and the motorcycle difficult to control. It can also be very dangerous if the oil gets onto brakes or tyres. Replace faulty oil seals without delay.
#37. When may you overtake another vehicle on the left?
You may pass slower vehicles on their left while travelling along a one-way street. Be aware of drivers who may need to change lanes and may not expect faster traffic passing on their left.
#38. What should you do before you start a journey in foggy conditions?
It’s best to avoid riding in foggy weather. However, if you have to, there are some precautions you can take before setting off to help make your journey as safe as possible. These include checking that all your lights are clean and working, and that your visor is clean.
#39. For how long is an MOT certificate normally valid?
Some garages will remind you that your vehicle is due for its annual MOT test, but not all do. To ensure continuous cover, you may take your vehicle for its MOT up to one month before its existing MOT certificate runs out. The expiry date on the new certificate will be 12 months after the expiry date on the old certificate.
#40. Why should you never wave people across at pedestrian crossings?
If people are waiting to use a pedestrian crossing, slow down and be prepared to stop. Don’t wave them across the road, because another driver may not have seen them, may not have seen your signal, and may not be able to stop safely.
#41. You're travelling along a street with parked vehicles on the left-hand side. Why should you keep your speed down?
Travel slowly and carefully near parked vehicles. Beware of
• vehicles pulling out, especially bicycles and motorcycles
• pedestrians, especially children, who may run out from between cars
• drivers opening their doors.
#42. You shouldn't normally travel on the hard shoulder of a motorway. When can you use it?
Normally, you should only use the hard shoulder for emergencies and breakdowns, and at roadworks when signs direct you to do so. Smart motorways use active traffic management to ease congestion. In these areas, the hard shoulder may be used as a running lane when speed-limit signs are shown directly above.
#43. What does this sign mean?
You’ll generally see this sign at the approach to a pedestrian-only zone.
#44. What does this sign mean?
As you approach a roundabout, look well ahead and check all signs. Decide which exit you wish to take and move into the correct position as you approach the roundabout, signalling as required.
#45. What's the meaning of this traffic sign?
Don’t force your way through. Show courtesy and consideration to other road users. Although you have priority, make sure oncoming traffic is going to give way before you continue.
#46. What would make you more visible in daylight?
Wearing bright or fluorescent clothes will help other road users to see you. Wearing a light or brightly coloured helmet can also make you more visible.
#47. What should you do when following a car driven by an elderly driver?
You must show consideration to other road users. The reactions of older drivers may be slower and they might need more time to deal with a situation. Be tolerant and don’t lose patience or show annoyance.
#48. What's the shortest overall stopping distance on a dry road at 60 mph?
This distance is the equivalent of 18 car lengths. Try pacing out 73 metres and then look back. It’s probably further than you think.
#49. You're about to emerge from a junction. Your pillion passenger tells you it’s clear. When should you rely on their judgement?
Your passenger may be inexperienced in judging traffic situations, may have a poor view or may not have seen a potential hazard. You’re responsible for your own safety and that of your passenger. Always make your own checks to be sure it’s safe to pull out.
#50. What's the legal minimum insurance cover you must have to ride on public roads?
The minimum insurance cover required by law is third-party only. This covers the other people and vehicles involved in a collision, but not you or your vehicle. Also, basic third-party insurance won’t cover you for theft or fire damage. Make sure you read your policy carefully and understand what it covers.