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#1. You're on a dual carriageway. Ahead, you see a vehicle with an amber flashing light. What could this be?
An amber flashing light on a vehicle indicates that it’s slow-moving. Battery-powered vehicles used by disabled people are limited to 8 mph. It isn’t advisable for them to be used on dual carriageways where the speed limit exceeds 50 mph. If they are, then an amber flashing light must be used.
#2. You're on a motorway. A red cross is displayed above the hard shoulder. What does this mean?
Active traffic management operates on some motorways. Within these areas, at certain times, the hard shoulder will be used as a running lane. A red cross above the hard shoulder shows that this lane should only be used for emergencies and breakdowns.
#3. What kind of items should you carry in a top box?
Carrying a heavy weight high up and at the very back of the motorcycle can cause problems in maintaining control, particularly when riding at speed. If you have heavy items to carry, it’s better to carry them in panniers and keep the weight roughly the same on either side.
#4. What does this traffic sign mean?
The sign gives you an early warning of a speed restriction. If you’re travelling at a higher speed, slow down in good time. You could come across queuing traffic due to roadworks or a temporary obstruction.
#5. You're following other vehicles in fog. You have your lights on. What else can you do to reduce the chances of being in a collision?
When it’s foggy, use dipped headlights. This will help you see and be seen by other road users. If visibility is seriously reduced, consider using front and rear fog lights if you have them. Keep to a sensible speed and don’t follow the vehicle in front too closely. If the road is wet and slippery, you’ll need to allow twice the normal stopping distance.
#6. What should the driver of the red car (arrowed) do?
Some people might take a long time to cross the road. They may be older or have a disability. Be patient and don’t hurry them by showing your impatience. If pedestrians are standing at the side of the road, don’t signal or wave them to cross. Other road users might not have seen your signal and this could lead the pedestrians into a hazardous situation.
#7. Which sign means ‘no stopping’?
Stopping where this clearway restriction applies is likely to cause congestion. Allow the traffic to flow by obeying the signs.
#8. When approaching a right-hand bend, you should keep well to the left. Why is this?
Doing this will give you an earlier view around the bend and enable you to see any hazards sooner. It also reduces the risk of collision with an oncoming vehicle that may have drifted over the centre line while taking the bend.
#9. You’re at the scene of an incident. Someone is suffering from shock. How should you treat them?
If someone is suffering from shock, try to keep them warm and as comfortable as you can. Don’t give them anything to eat or drink but reassure them confidently and try not to leave them alone.
#10. You're about to ride home but you can't find the glasses you need to wear. What should you do?
If you need glasses to bring your eyesight up to the legal standard for driving or riding, you must wear them whenever you ride. Don’t be tempted to ride if you’ve lost or forgotten your glasses; you’ll endanger yourself and other road users, and you’ll be breaking the law.
#11. You should always check your blind spots before doing what?
Your blind spots are the areas behind and to either side of you that aren’t covered by your mirrors. You should always check the relevant side when there’s a risk of a hazard that isn’t visible in your mirrors.
#12. What's most likely to cause high fuel consumption?
Accelerating and braking gently and smoothly will help to save fuel and reduce wear on your vehicle. This makes it better for the environment too.
#13. Where does this marking normally appear on a road?
This road marking means you should give way to traffic on the main road. It might not be used at junctions where there isn’t much traffic. However, if there’s a double broken line across the junction, the ‘give way’ rules still apply.
#14. On a motorway, when should the hard shoulder be used?
The hard shoulder should only be used in a genuine emergency. If possible, and if it’s safe, use a roadside telephone to call for help. This will give your exact location to the operator. Never cross the carriageway or a slip road to use a telephone on the other side of the road.
#15. What does this sign mean?
It will take up to ten times longer to stop when it’s icy. Where there’s a risk of icy conditions, you need to be aware of this and take extra care. If you think the road may be icy, don’t brake or steer harshly, as your tyres could lose their grip on the road.
#16. What speed limit is often found in narrow residential streets?
In some built-up areas, you may find the speed limit reduced to 20 mph. Driving at a slower speed will help give you the time and space to see and deal safely with hazards such as pedestrians and other vulnerable road users.
#17. You have a CBT (compulsory basic training) certificate. How long is it valid?
All new learner motorcycle and moped riders must complete a CBT course before riding on the road. This can only be given by an approved training body (ATB). If you don’t pass your practical test within two years, you’ll need to retake and pass CBT to continue riding.
#18. You're following a long vehicle. As it approaches a crossroads, it signals left but moves out to the right. What should you do?
A long vehicle may need to swing out in the opposite direction as it approaches a turn, to allow the rear wheels to clear the kerb. Don’t try to filter through if you see a gap; as the lorry turns, the gap will close.
#19. The dual carriageway you're turning right onto has a very narrow central reservation. What should you do?
When the central reservation is narrow, you should treat a dual carriageway as one road. Wait until the road is clear in both directions before emerging to turn right. If you try to treat it as two separate roads and wait in the middle, you’re likely to cause an obstruction and possibly a collision.
#20. Your motorcycle doesn't have linked brakes. In an emergency, what should you do to stop quickly?
You should plan ahead to avoid the need to stop suddenly, but if an emergency arises, you must be able to stop safely. Applying the front brake just before the rear brake will help you to stop safely and quickly.
#21. Which lane mustn't you use when you’re riding your motorcycle?
Always plan ahead and be aware of lanes and areas designated for specific road users only. The restrictions are sometimes in force only at certain times of day, and signs will show when they apply. In some towns, motorcycles are permitted to use bus lanes – check the signs carefully.
#22. What should you check after refitting your rear wheel?
After refitting the rear wheel or adjusting the drive chain, you should check your wheel alignment. Incorrect alignment will result in excessive tyre wear and poor roadholding.
#23. What could a loose drive chain cause?
A motorcycle chain will stretch as it wears. It may need frequent checking and adjustment to keep the tension correct. In extreme cases, a loose chain can jump off the sprocket and become wedged in the rear wheel. This could cause serious loss of control and result in a crash.
#24. What should you be sure of before riding anyone else’s motorcycle?
If you borrow a motorcycle, you must make sure that you’re insured to ride it. It’s better to find this out for yourself, rather than taking somebody else’s word for it.
#25. You're coming up to a roundabout. A cyclist is signalling to turn right. What should you do?
If you’re following a cyclist who’s signalling to turn right at a roundabout, leave plenty of room. Give them space and time to get into the correct lane.
#26. Which road user has caused a hazard?
The car arrowed A is parked within the area marked by zigzag lines at the pedestrian crossing. Parking here is illegal. It also
• blocks the view for pedestrians wishing to cross the road
• restricts the view of the crossing for approaching traffic.
#27. When will your overall stopping distance be longer?
When you’re carrying a passenger on a motorcycle, the overall weight will be much more than when you’re riding alone. This additional weight will make it harder for you to stop quickly in an emergency, so you’ll need to increase the distance between your motorcycle and the vehicle in front.
#28. You're using throwover saddlebags. Why is it important to make sure they're evenly loaded?
Panniers or saddlebags should be loaded so that you carry about the same weight in each bag. Uneven loading could make the motorcycle unstable, especially when cornering.
#29. You're at a junction controlled by traffic lights. When shouldn't you proceed at green?
As you approach the lights, look into the road you wish to take. Only proceed if your exit road is clear. If the road is blocked, hold back, even if you have to wait for the next green signal.
#30. You're travelling on a road that has speed humps. What should you do when the driver in front is travelling more slowly than you?
Be patient and stay behind the car in front. You shouldn’t normally overtake other vehicles in areas subject to traffic calming. If you overtake here, you may easily exceed the speed limit, defeating the purpose of the traffic-calming measures.
#31. You're riding a motorcycle that has an engine of less than 50 cc. What should you do if you see a queue of traffic building up behind?
Try not to hold up a queue of traffic. This might lead to other road users becoming impatient and attempting dangerous manoeuvres. If you’re riding a slow-moving scooter or small motorcycle and a queue of traffic has built up behind you, look for a safe place to pull in so they can pass safely.
#32. What does this traffic sign mean?
This sign is there to alert you to the likelihood of danger ahead. It may be accompanied by a plate indicating the type of hazard. Be ready to reduce your speed and take avoiding action.
#33. What's the national speed limit on motorways for cars and motorcycles?
Travelling at the national speed limit doesn’t allow you to hog the right-hand lane. Always use the left-hand lane whenever possible. When leaving a motorway, get into the left-hand lane well before your exit. Reduce your speed on the slip road and look out for sharp bends or curves and traffic queuing at roundabouts.
#34. Braking too hard has caused both wheels to skid. What should you do?
Braking too hard will cause a skid. Release the brakes immediately to allow the wheels to turn, then reapply them as firmly as the road surface and conditions will allow.
#35. When would you use the engine cut-out switch?
If you’re involved in a collision, using the engine cut-out switch will help to reduce the risk of fire. When stopping the engine normally, use the ignition switch.
#36. You're in a one-way street and want to turn right. There are two lanes. Where should you position your vehicle?
When you’re in a one-way street and want to turn right, you should take up a position in the right-hand lane. This will allow other road users, not wishing to turn, to pass on the left. Indicate your intention and take up the correct position in good time.
#37. Where would you see these road markings?
When driving on a motorway or slip road, you mustn’t enter an area marked with chevrons and bordered by a solid white line for any reason, except in an emergency.
#38. Why should riders wear reflective clothing?
Fluorescent clothing will help others to see you during the day. At night, however, you should wear clothing that reflects the light. This allows other road users to see you more easily in their headlights. Ask your local motorcycle dealer about fluorescent and reflective clothing.
#39. What should you do when you're following a motorcyclist along a road that has a poor surface?
To avoid being unbalanced, a motorcyclist might swerve to avoid potholes and bumps in the road. Be prepared for this and allow them extra space.
#40. Traffic signs giving orders are generally which shape?
Road signs in the shape of a circle give orders. Those with a red circle are mostly prohibitive. The ‘stop’ sign is octagonal to give it greater prominence. Signs giving orders must always be obeyed.
#41. You're driving at the legal speed limit. A vehicle comes up quickly behind you, flashing its headlights. What should you do?
Don’t enforce the speed limit by blocking another vehicle’s progress. This will only lead to the other driver becoming more frustrated. Allow the other vehicle to pass when you can do so safely.
#42. You see street lights but no speed-limit signs. What will the speed limit usually be?
The presence of street lights generally indicates that there’s a 30 mph speed limit, unless signs tell you otherwise.
#43. What should you do when going through a contraflow system on a motorway?
At roadworks, and especially where a contraflow system is operating, a speed restriction is likely to be in place. Keep to the lower speed limit and don’t
• switch lanes
• get too close to the vehicle in front of you.
Be aware that there will be no permanent barrier between you and the oncoming traffic.
#44. What should you do before making a U-turn?
If you have to make a U-turn, slow down and ensure that the road is clear in both directions. Make sure that the road is wide enough for you to carry out the manoeuvre safely.
#45. Which of these is needed before you can legally use a vehicle on the road?
Using a vehicle on the road illegally carries a heavy fine and can lead to penalty points on your driving licence. You must have
• a valid driving licence
• paid the appropriate vehicle tax
• proper insurance cover.
#46. At an incident, someone is unconscious. What would your priority be?
Remember this procedure by saying DR ABC. This stands for Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing, Circulation. Give whatever first aid you can and stay with the injured person until the emergency services arrive.
#47. What does this sign mean?
These signs indicate places of interest and are designed to guide you by the easiest route. They’re particularly useful when you’re unfamiliar with the area.
#48. You're about to overtake a group of horse riders. What's most likely to scare the horses?
When passing horses, allow them plenty of space and slow down. Animals can be frightened by sudden or loud noises, so don’t sound your horn or rev your engine.
#49. You’re the motorcyclist approaching this junction. What should you do?
Look out for road signs warning of side roads, even if you aren’t turning off. A driver who’s emerging may not be able to see you due to parked cars or heavy traffic. Slow down and be prepared to stop if necessary. Remember, no-one has priority at an unmarked crossroads.
#50. You see a pedestrian approaching a zebra crossing. What should you normally do?*
Pedestrians have right of way once they step onto the crossing, but you should always slow down and be ready to stop to allow them to step out. Never wave them on, they could step into another danger they have not seen.